Skin Allergies, Types of Diseases and Proper Treatment Steps
Skin allergies are skin-induced reactions to exposure to allergens, such as pollen, wool, soap, or plants. The symptoms that appear are an immune reaction of the body to the allergen to remove it from the body.
As a result, a reddish and itchy skin rash appears.
Allergies can occur due to several conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis.
Causes of Skin Allergies
The causes of allergies are rarely known because symptoms do not appear immediately after contact with the allergen.
It takes at least 10 days for the skin to react to foreign substances in contact with the skin.
The most common causes of skin allergies include:
- Nickel and metal are used in jewelry and buttons on jeans.
- Makeup and skincare products.
- Sunscreen and bug spray
- Medications applied to the skin, such as antibiotics or anti-itch creams.
- Perfume, shampoo, or lotion.
- Household cleaning products.
- Plants, including poison ivy.
- Latex, which is an elastic material is the primary material for making plastic gloves, elastic clothing, condoms, and balloons.
- any chemicals.
Skin allergies are at risk of being experienced by a person suffering from skin health disorders, such as eczema or atopic dermatitis.
High risk is also experienced by people with inflammation in the lower legs due to poor blood circulation.
Symptoms Experienced by Skin Allergy Sufferers
The main symptom of skin allergies is a rash complemented by an itchy sensation, bumps on the skin, and redness.
Some other symptoms, including
- Bouncy lesions
- Cracked skin
The reaction may change over time.
The symptoms that appear also depend on the trigger for the allergy.
Types of Skin Allergies
There are several types of skin allergies, as well as they can appear in different ways.
Here are some of them:
Also referred to as atopic dermatitis.
This skin condition is more common in children in the first few years of life.
The disease can also appear first in adolescents or adults.
In adolescents and adults, rashes most often occur in the pliable area (behind the knees and elbow folds).
Rashes can also appear on the eyebrows, hands, neck, and face in rare cases.
It is not recommended to scratch the skin because lichenification will appear.
This condition is a pattern formed as a result of repeated scratching and rubbing in the same area.
This reaction is most often caused by irritation.
Even so, allergic reactions are also the cause.
Inflammation of the skin can occur after the patient is exposed to allergy-triggering substances in the skin area.
Although rashes can look very similar to eczema, rashes only occur on skin that has been in contact with allergens.
Rashes can form in the area of the face, eyelids, neck, hands, and feet.
Generally, rashes occur in the leg area.
Meanwhile, allergic contact dermatitis is caused by poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac, nickel in jewelry, cosmetics, antibiotic creams, rubber, and chemicals on shoes.
Urticaria, the medical term for hives, is an itchy rash known as a midwife.
It is characterized by pink or red bumps that appear in different sizes and shapes.
Hives can quickly spread to areas of the skin of the body in different locations, with different sizes and shapes.
They can appear and are not accompanied by itching.
This condition can be caused by:
- Foods, such as peanuts, eggs, nuts, and shellfish.
- Tree sap.
- Medications, such as penicillin antibiotics, sulfa, aspirin, and ibuprofen.
- Insect stings.
- Physical stimuli, such as pressure, cold or hot air, excessive sweating, and exposure to sunlight.
Hives are not contagious, but they can be a warning sign of a serious allergic reaction that can cause anaphylaxis.
Anaphylaxis itself is a medical emergency that must be treated immediately with epinephrine injections.
Angioedema is generally associated with hives.
It is characterized by swelling of the lips, eyes, hands, and feet.
If left unchecked, symptoms can lead to anaphylaxis.
Symptoms appear accompanied by an unusual stinging or tingling sensation.
Angioedema on the face or neck indicates a risk of severe allergies causing respiratory problems.
If you experience it, it is recommended to seek immediate treatment to treat respiratory problems and prevent the worsening of symptoms.
Treating Skin Allergies
Skin allergies can be treated by avoiding allergens, and taking medications to prevent the appearance of allergic reactions, such as antihistamines.
Prescription medications are used to treat skin allergies, including topical corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and relieve itching.
Some types of drugs that can be used in the form of ointments include
- Cordran (flurandrenolide)
- Psorcon (diflorasone diacetate)
- Topicort (desoximetasone)
- Lidex (fluocinonide)
For serious allergic reactions, health care providers may prescribe systemic steroids to help reduce swelling and other symptoms.
The medical team usually recommends allergen immunotherapy performed by injecting a purified allergen extract.
It is important to maintain irritated skin by using moisturizers, such as petroleum jelly.
Also, coat the irritated area with gauze to avoid friction.
In addition, sufferers should also avoid bathing or soaking with warm water.
Sufferers are advised to use loose clothing to avoid friction and aggravate rashes on the skin.
Skin allergies can be annoying and cause symptoms to appear as mentioned above.
Unfortunately, it will take a while to understand the factors affecting skin allergies and what needs to be done to control them.